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SX Microcontroller Comparison Program Flow Methods

16bit signed comparisons in SX/B and asm

by Perter Verkaik

' =========================================================================
'
'   File...... wordcomparing.SXB
'   Purpose... Demonstrates comparing words (16bit register values)
'
' =========================================================================


' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Device Settings
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------

DEVICE          SX28, OSC4MHZ, TURBO, STACKX, OPTIONX
FREQ            4_000_000
ID              "CMP16"


' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' IO Pins
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------


' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Constants
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------

' unsigned test          actual unsigned results
'                       X = Y     X < Y     X > Y
' X =  Y       b0       True      False     False
' X <  Y       b1       False     True      False
' X <= Y       b2       True      True      False
' X >  Y       b3       False     False     True
' X >= Y       b4       True      False     True
' X <> Y       b5       False     True      True
'
' signed test if unsigned X < Y
'                if X>=0 AND Y<0 then use column for X > Y
' signed test if unsigned X > Y
'                if X<0 AND Y>=0 then use column for X < Y
' the above results in:
' signed test if unsigned X <> Y
'                if sign(X) <> sign(Y) then swap column

'unsigned test attributes
uEQ		con	1
uLT		con	2
uLE		con	4
uGT		con	8
uGE		con	16
uNE		con	32
'signed test attributes
EQ		con	128+1
LT		con	128+2
LE		con	128+4
GT		con	128+8
GE		con	128+16
NE		con	128+32
'unsigned compare flags
EQflags		con	%00010101
LTflags		con	%00100110
GTflags		con	%00111000
XORvalue	con	%00011110	'to swap LTflags and GTflags for some signed tests
true		con	1
false		con	0

' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Variables
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------

ramX		VAR	Word			' 16-bit value
ramY		VAR	Word			' 16-bit value
attrib		VAR	Byte			' compare attribute
result		VAR	Word
flags		VAR	Byte

' =========================================================================
  PROGRAM Start
' =========================================================================


' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Subroutine Declarations
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------

' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Program Code
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Start:
  'assume ramX, ramY and attrib are set
  'at the end result holds true or false based on X and Y values and the test to perform

  'get unsigned compare flags
  if ramX = ramY then
    flags = EQflags
  else
    if ramX < ramY then
      flags = LTflags
    else
      flags = GTflags
    endif
  endif
  'if signed compare then adjust compare flags
  if attrib.7 = 1 then
    'if ramX <> ramY
    if flags.0 = 0 then
      result_MSB = ramX_MSB xor ramY_MSB
      'if ramX and ramY have different signs
      if result.15 = 1 then
        flags = flags xor XORvalue 'swap LTflags and GTflags
      endif
    endif
  endif
  result = 0
  'extract flag for test
  flags = flags and attrib
  'set result based on flag
  result.0 = ~Z		'if flags=0 (Z set) then result=false


  ramX=$FF01
  ramY=$FF00
  attrib = LT
  gosub doTest
END

asm
getUnsignedCompareFlags:
		mov	w,ramX_LSB
		mov	w,ramY_LSB-w
		mov	result_LSB,w
		mov	w,ramX_MSB
		sb	C			;skip if no borrow
		movsz	w,++ramX_MSB
		mov	w,ramY_MSB-w
		or	w,result_LSB
		snz
		retw	EQflags			;ramX = ramY
		snb	C
		retw	LTflags			;ramX < ramY
		retw	GTflags			;ramX > ramY
	;assume ramX, ramY and attrib set
doTest:
		call	getUnsignedCompareFlags
		mov	flags,w
		jnb	attrib.7,test2
		jb	flags.0,test2
		mov	w,ramX_MSB
		xor	w,ramY_MSB
		and	w,#$80
		mov	w,#XORvalue
		sz
		xor	flags,w
test2:
		clr	result_LSB
		mov	w,attrib
		and	flags,w
		sz
		inc	result_LSB
		clr	result_MSB
		ret
endasm

' -------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Subroutine Code
' -------------------------------------------------------------------------


file: /Techref/scenix/lib/flow/compcon16signed.htm, 4KB, , updated: 2006/8/18 12:51, local time: 2023/2/4 03:12,
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