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A simple RTOS for microcontrollers based upon concepts of FreeRTOS

This file is part of SimpleRTOS2

by Isaac Marino Bavaresco

This is file "SimpleRTOS\PortSAM3-C.c"

/*============================================================================*/
/*
SimpleRTOS - Very simple RTOS for Microcontrollers - ARM Cortex-M3 ATSAM3 port
v2.00 (2014-01-21)
isaacbavaresco@yahoo.com.br
*/
/*============================================================================*/
/*
 Copyright (c) 2007-2014, Isaac Marino Bavaresco
 All rights reserved.

 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
     * Neither the name of the author nor the
       names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products
       derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

 THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ''AS IS'' AND ANY
 EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
 WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
 DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
 ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
 SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*============================================================================*/
#include <asf.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "PortSAM3.h"
#include "SimpleRTOSInternals.h"
/*============================================================================*/
//extern void __attribute__((weak)) TickHook( void );
/*============================================================================*/
void __attribute__((noinline)) Switch( void )
    {
    SystemTick++;

    CheckDelayList();

    /* The current task ran for at least one full time slice... */
    if( AlreadySwitched == 0 && CurrentTask->Priority == HighestReadyPriority )
        /* ... it doesn't deserve an additional time slice. */
        ReadyTasks[HighestReadyPriority]
            = ReadyTasks[HighestReadyPriority]->Next;

    CurrentTask         = ReadyTasks[HighestReadyPriority];

    /*
    The upcoming task will run from the very beginning of its time slice,
    at the end of this slice it will be switched off.
    */
    AlreadySwitched     = 0;

    if( TickHook != NULL )
        TickHook();
    }
/*============================================================================*/
/* Constants required to manipulate the NVIC. */
#define NVIC_SYST_CSR           (*(volatile unsigned long *)0xe000e010)
#define NVIC_SYST_CSR_ENABLE    0x00000001
#define NVIC_SYST_CSR_TICKINT   0x00000002
#define NVIC_SYST_CSR_CLKSOURCE 0x00000004

#define NVIC_SYST_RVR           ( *(volatile unsigned long*)0xe000e014 )
#define NVIC_SYST_CVR           ( *(volatile unsigned long*)0xe000e018 )

#define portNVIC_INT_CTRL       ((volatile unsigned long *) 0xe000ed04)

#define NVIC_SHPR2              ( *(volatile unsigned long*)0xe000ed1c )
#define NVIC_SHPR3_SVCALL_PRI   ( 0ul << 24 )

#define NVIC_SHPR3              ( *(volatile unsigned long*)0xe000ed20 )
#define NVIC_SHPR3_PENDSV_PRI   (( (unsigned long)(( KERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY << ( 8 - __NVIC_PRIO_BITS )) & 0xff )) << 16 )
#define NVIC_SHPR3_SYSTICK_PRI  (( (unsigned long)(( KERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY << ( 8 - __NVIC_PRIO_BITS )) & 0xff )) << 24 )

#define portNVIC_PENDSVSET      0x10000000
/*============================================================================*/

void __attribute__ ((naked)) SysTick_Handler( void )
    {
    SAVE_CONTEXT();

    Switch();

    RESTORE_CONTEXT();
    }

/*============================================================================*/

void __attribute__ ((naked)) SVC_Handler( void )
    {
    SAVE_CONTEXT();

    CurrentTask = ReadyTasks[HighestReadyPriority];

    RESTORE_CONTEXT();
    }

/*============================================================================*/

void ContextInit( context_t *Context, unsigned char *Stack, unsigned long StackSize, void *Parameter, void (*TaskFunc)( void* ), unsigned int Priority )
    {
    unsigned long   *StackTop, Aux;

    memset( Context, 0x00, sizeof( context_t ));

    StackTop            = (unsigned long*)Stack + StackSize / sizeof( unsigned long );

    /* Registers saved automatically */
    *--StackTop = 0x01000000ul;                             /* PSR */
    *--StackTop = (unsigned long)TaskFunc | 0x00000001ul;   /* r15 (PC) */
    *--StackTop = (unsigned long)TaskFinish;                /* r14 (LR)) */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r12 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r3 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r2 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r1 */
    *--StackTop = (unsigned long)Parameter;                 /* r0 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* basepri (r12) */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r11*/
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r10 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r9 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r8 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r7 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r6 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r5 */
    *--StackTop = 0;                                        /* r4 */

    Context->sp = (unsigned long)StackTop;

    Context->Priority               = Priority;
    Context->TDelay                 = 0;
    Context->PreviousDelayedTask    = NULL;
    Context->NextDelayedTask        = NULL;
    Context->DelayList              = NULL;

#ifdef      USE_SLICE_LENGTH
    Context->SliceLength        = 0;
#endif  /*  USE_SLICE_LENGTH */

    Context->Previous               = NULL;
    Context->Next                   = NULL;
    Context->List                   = NULL;
    }
/*============================================================================*/
void InitRTOS( context_t *ctxts, unsigned int Number )
    {
    unsigned int i;

    /* No contexts to be initialized... The RTOS is useless.*/
    if( ctxts == NULL || Number == 0 )
        {
        FreeContexts    = NULL;
        return;
        }

    CurrentTask     = ctxts;

    for( i = 0; i < MaxPriorities; i++ )
        ReadyTasks[i]   = NULL;

    /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    /* Initialize all contexts and link them to the free contexts list.*/
    FreeContexts    = ctxts;
    for( i = 0; i < Number - 1; i++, ctxts++ )
        {
        ctxts->Next = ctxts + 1;
        ctxts->List = &FreeContexts;
        }
    ctxts->Next     = NULL;
    ctxts->List     = &FreeContexts;

    /*------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
    }
/*============================================================================*/
void SetupTimerInterrupt( tickcount_t TickRate )
    {
    volatile unsigned long  Clk = sysclk_get_cpu_hz();
    volatile unsigned long  Aux = Clk / TickRate - 1UL;
    /* Configure SysTick to interrupt at the requested rate. */

    NVIC_SYST_CVR   = 0ul;
    NVIC_SYST_RVR   = sysclk_get_cpu_hz() / TickRate - 1UL;
    NVIC_SYST_CSR   = NVIC_SYST_CSR_CLKSOURCE | NVIC_SYST_CSR_TICKINT | NVIC_SYST_CSR_ENABLE;
    }
/*============================================================================*/
void __attribute__((noreturn)) StartRTOS( tickcount_t TickRate )
    {
    /* Make PendSV, CallSV and SysTick the same priroity as the kernel. */
    NVIC_SHPR2  = NVIC_SHPR3_SVCALL_PRI;
    NVIC_SHPR3  = NVIC_SHPR3_PENDSV_PRI | NVIC_SHPR3_SYSTICK_PRI;

    SystemTick  = 0;
    CurrentTask = ReadyTasks[HighestReadyPriority];

    SetupTimerInterrupt( TickRate );

#if         defined USE_PSP
    __asm volatile(
        "ldr    r0,=0xE000ED08          \n"  /* Use the NVIC offset register to locate the stack. */
        "ldr    r0,[r0]                 \n"
        "ldr    r0,[r0]                 \n"
        "msr    msp,r0                  \n"  /* Set the msp back to the start of the stack. */
        "isb                            \n"
        "mov    r0,2                    \n"
        "msr    control,r0              \n"
        "isb                            \n"
        ::: "r0"
        );
#endif  /*  defined USE_PSP */

    asm volatile(
        "ldr    r0,=CurrentTask         \n" /* r0   = &CurrentTask  */
        "ldr    r0,[r0]                 \n" /* r0   = CurrentTask       */
        "ldr    r13,[r0,0]              \n" /* r13  = StackTop      */
        "ldmia  r13!,{r4-r11}           \n"
        "add    r13,#4                  \n"
        "ldmia  r13!,{r0-r3,r12,r14}    \n"
        "add    r13,#8                  \n"
        "ldr    r15,[r13,-8]            \n"
        ::: "r0"
        );

    while( 1 )
        {}
    }
/*============================================================================*/

file: /Techref/member/IMB-yahoo-J86/PortSAM3-C.c.htm, 9KB, , updated: 2016/1/14 19:39, local time: 2022/12/6 08:22, owner: IMB-yahoo-J86,
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