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Tilapia Topic: Gill Microscopy

Examine gills and select an area that appears abnormal. Using scissors clip several gill filaments, remove clippings from gill arch with forceps and place inot a drop of saline on a clean glass slide. Cover with a slip cover, and additional saline if needed.

This is a normal gill:

Microscopically in wet-mount preparations normal gills of tilapia have a uniform appearance. The individual lamellae on the gill filaments are visible as distinct structures that contain rows of red blood cells. The lamellae are free of ectoparasites, aneurisms and excessive accumulations of epidermal cells or mucus.

Compare your sample with the following Disease Vectors:

Amyloodinium sp 0.03 to 0.05 mm spherical to pear shaped and attached by a short stalk. blackish in color and vacuolated (e.g. full of tiny spherical bubbles) under transmitted light

Digenetic Trematodes parasitic flatworms. Second picture shows the worms mouth at 400X
digenetic trematodesdigenetic trematode mouth at 400X

Gas Bubble Disease Note the elongated bubble trapped in the tissue. A bubble accidentally trapped under the slide cover will typically be more circular.

Gill Aneurism discrete, often rather circular swollen areas filled with red blood cells in the gill lamellae

Ichthyobodo sp. (Costia), a flagellated ectoparasite. VERY small, about 0.007 mm or the size of a red blood cell. It may be found attached to gill or skin cells by its narrow end or moving in a jerky circular motion in the wet-mount fluid near the tissue

Myxobacteria long (0.003-0.01 mm) thin (0.0005 mm) rod shaped bacteria often seen in clumps or "stacks" which move by flexing or gliding.

Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich, marine: Cryptocaryon irritans), a protozoan ectoparasite. can vary in size from 0.02 mm to nearly 1 mm depending on the age of the parasite The cilia along the perimeter of the organism beats and slowly propels the protozoan forward. Under transmitted light in wet-mount preparations, Ich appears brownish in color.

Saprolegnia spp. fungi at 100X to 400X appears as a branching tangle of root-like filaments (e.g. the hyphae). The filaments are clear and about 0.005 mm in diameter.

Monogenetic Trematodes parasitic flatworms. May be small (0.3 to 0.4 mm) on the gills or skin. Hooks on one end may be attached to the host fish. If still alive, will flex rapidly or contract slowly.

Scyphidia sp. a free-living protozoan. stumpy (~0.04 mm in height), cylindrical shaped with a ring of cilia around the apical end and an expanded sucker shaped basal end in contact with the skin of the fish. when detached from the fish change to a fast moving saucer shape.

Tricodina sp., a protozoan ectoparasites ~0.04 mm circular saucer shaped and very fast moving when alive. rimmed by cilia and on the bottom side. peculiar denticular rings with teeth that point inward.

See also:

file: /Techref/other/pond/tilapia/gills.htm, 4KB, , updated: 2009/7/14 08:15, local time: 2019/8/21 13:30,

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